In this article, we look at types of urine tests for diabetes and how to understand the results.
What is a urine test for diabetes?
A urine test is when a urine sample is analysed. It may reveal a number of things, including the presence of glucose.
Urine tests can also be used to check for glucose in the urine of people who are undiagnosed.
A urine test will be looking for three things: glucose, ketones, and protein.
Types of tests
A urine test may be referred to as a "dipstick test."
- fill three-quarters of the container and secure the lid
- give the sample back to the doctor or place it in a specified area
- high blood glucose levels
- nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain
- cold or flu symptoms
- persistent fatigue
- very thirsty or has a parched mouth
- flushed skin
- difficulty breathing or breath smells unusual
A strip will be dipped into the urine sample during the test. The different blocks of color change indicate levels of substances such as ketones or glucose.
The test results will identify the levels of glucose, ketones, and protein in the urine.
High blood glucose is known as hyperglycemia and is common in people with all types of diabetes.
A person newly diagnosed with diabetes will start treatment immediately.
- avoid food and drinks high in sugar or carbohydrates
- drink plenty of water
- exercise regularly
- possibly adjust insulin dose